As we all know, being a parent brings great joy but it can also bring concerns and anxieties. One of the things we all need reassurance on is that our child is developing normally and that we have nothing to worry about. But what is normal? What’s considered to be abnormal? What should we do if we’re worried?
Well luckily, child development experts have come up with an agreed set of milestones that they believe most children should be able to do by a certain age. These developmental milestones are often used by health professionals but we think they’re useful for parents too.
So here’s the list of developmental milestones for 6-year olds. It lists things that most children can do by their 7th birthday.
A word of caution
As we all know, every child is different and how fast they proceed through these milestones varies. Remember, they’re just a guide to what you might expect. Some children won’t reach them by their 7th birthday and some will exceed them.
They’re divided into 6 areas:
- Physical growth
- Sensory and motor development
- Language development
- Emotional and social development
- Has grown about 6 cm (2.5 in) since last birthday
- Has put on about 3 kg (7 lb) since last birthday
- Is developing first molars ( these are the grinding teeth at the back of the jaw, are three each side)
- Is starting to lose her/his 20 baby teeth
SENSORY AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
- Can control major muscles and so is becoming more balanced, enough to ride a bike
- Enjoys running, jumping, hopping, skipping, climbing and physical play
- Can catch a ball
- Can write own name
- Can tell left from right
- Can draw a person with at least 8 body parts
- Can copy shapes and make up own designs
- Can dress her/himself (although may still need help with laces or difficult fastenings)
- Can describe a favourite book, film or TV programme
- When speaking, uses grammar correctly, most of the time
- Can write and spell her first name
- Can write some numbers and letters
- Can read some simple words
- Shows interest in learning new vocabulary (children learn 3000 to 5000 new words this year)
EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- Is starting to understand that other people have feelings and may have different opinions, although is still most focused on self
- Is still scared of things like monsters, and large creatures
- Is beginning to understand that rules may apply in some places but not in others
- Still looks to parents as the main source of affection and friendship but is beginning to look elsewhere
- Usually likes playing with children of the same gender
- Likes to look after younger children
- Is developing a sense of humour and enjoys jokes, comedy and funny rhymes
- Likes to play games that use lots of imagination
THINKING AND REASONING ( COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT)
- Can tell you how old she/he is
- Can count to 10 and understand the concept of ‘10’ e.g. can count out 10 objects
- Is learning to express her/himself well, using a growing vocabulary
- Is beginning to understand the relationship between cause and effect
- Is learning to write
- Is starting to grasp the concept of time
Now you know what the developmental milestones for 6-year-olds are, would you like to put what you know into practice and complete a proper checklist for you child?
Click here to download our FREE developmental checklist for 6-year-olds. Use it to track you child’s development up to their 7th birthday and find out what to do and who to turn to if your child is not meeting milestones.
Want to see the developmental milestones for 5 year-olds? Click here.
The developmental checklist is taken from Catharine Slade’s books:
Click here to find out more about My 6-year-old daughter: A practical handbook.
Click here to find out more about My 6-year-old son: A practical handbook.