Being a parent to a 5-year-old brings great joy but it can also bring concerns and anxieties. One of the things we all need reassurance on is that our child is developing normally and that we have nothing to worry about. But what is normal? What’s considered to be abnormal? What should we do if we’re worried?
Well luckily, child development experts have come up with an agreed set of milestones that they believe most children should be able to do by a certain age. These developmental milestones are often used by health professionals but we think they’re useful for parents too.
So here’s the list of developmental milestones for 5-year olds. It lists things that most children can do by their 6th birthday.
A word of caution
As we all know, every child is different and how fast they proceed through these milestones varies. Remember, they’re just a guide to what you might expect. Some children won’t reach them by their 6th birthday and some will exceed them.
They’re divided into 5 areas:
- Physical growth
- Sensory and motor development
- Language development
- Emotional and social development
- Thinking and reasoning ( Cognitive development)
- Has grown about 4 cm (2 in) since last birthday
- Has put on about 2 kg (4.4 lb) since last birthday
SENSORY AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
- Can do a simple forward roll
- Can hop and may be able to skip
- Can swing and climb
- Can use the toilet by herself although may still wet the bed
- Can copy triangles and other geometric shapes
- Can draw a person with a head, a body, arms, and legs
- Can dress and undress on their own, although may still need help tying shoelaces
- Can eat with a fork, spoon, and possibly a knife
- Can write some lower case and capital letters from the alphabet
- Speaks clearly
- Can say her name and address
- Can have a meaningful conversation with another person
- Can use the future tense, such as “We’re going to Grandma’s tomorrow”
- Can understand relationships between people and objects, such as “the girl who is up the tree”
- Can talk about and tell stories
EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- Wants to please and be liked by friends, though may sometimes be mean to others
- Agrees to follow rules most of the time
- Shows a growing sense of independence
- Is more able to distinguish fantasy from reality but enjoys playing make-believe games and dressing-up
- Usually likes playing with children of the same gender
THINKING AND REASONING ( COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT)
- Can tell you her phone number
- Can count 10 or more objects
- Can recognise most letters of the alphabet
- Knows the names of at least 4 colours
- Knows what household objects like kitchen appliances, money or food are used for
- Understands the basic concept of time
Now you know what the developmental milestones for 5-year-olds are, would you like to put what you know into practice and complete a proper checklist for you child?
Click here to download our FREE developmental checklist for 5-year-olds. Use it to track you child’s development up to their 6th birthday and find out what to do and who to turn to if your child is not meeting milestones.
Want to see the developmental milestones for 6 year-olds? Click here.
The developmental checklist is taken from Catharine Slade’s books:
Click here to find out more about My 5-year-old daughter: A practical handbook.
Click here to find out more about My 5-year-old son: A practical handbook.